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A textbook of automobile engineering

a textbook of automobile engineering

The taller the frame, the better it is able to resist vertical flex when force is applied to the top of the frame.
In addition to a lowered roof, the perimeter frame allows lower seating positions when that is desirable, and offers better safety in the event of a side impact.
This engineering approach of a vehicle describes "of a vehicle, a one-piece frame and body structure" 2 A type of body/frame construction in which the body of the vehicle, its floor plan and chassis form a single structure.Notice hat-shaped crossmember in the background, c-shape rails and cross member in center, and a slight arc over the axle.Vertical and torsional twisting transmitted by going over uneven surfaces."Boxed" frames contain chassis rails that are closed, either by somehow welding them up, or by using premanufactured metal tubing.It is now seen mainly on dawn of war mod tools trucks.Authors thank to all who collaborated on creating of this textbook, also thank to all organizations for useful information and to all users, for their valuable advices, observations and suggestions.As of 2014, there are no perimeter frame automobiles sold in the United States after the Ford Motor Company phased out the Panther platform in 2011, which ended the perimeter frame passenger car in the United States (the Chevrolet Corvette has used a variation.Retrieved Visnic, Bill (1 September 2008).The X-frame was claimed to improve on previous designs, but it lacked side rails and thus did not provide adequate side-impact and collision protection.

Including modern day sport utility vehicles ( Jeep Grand Cherokee.).
For example, some pickup trucks have a boxed frame in front of the cab, shorter, narrower rails underneath the cab, and regular C-rails under the bed.
17 This design was replaced by perimeter frames.
Until the 1930s, virtually every car had a structural frame, separate from its body.It was specifically chosen to decrease the overall height of the vehicles regardless of the increase in the size of the transmission and propeller shaft humps, since each row had to cover frame rails as well.Burger, Gerry; Hendrickson, Steve (2000).Kick-ups do the same thing, but don't curve down on the other side, and are more common on front ends.The first attempt to develop such a design technique was on the 1922 Lancia Lambda to provide structural stiffness and a lower body height for its torpedo car body.Originally seen on almost all vehicles, the ladder frame was gradually phased out on cars in favor of perimeter frames and unitized body construction.To deal with static and dynamic loads, without undue deflection or distortion.The Motor Car Past, Present and Future.Hat Hat frames resemble a "U" and may be either right-side-up or inverted with the open area facing down.

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